Library Technology Midterm
February 21, 2003
to one definition, the purpose of a library is to provide and promote
equitable access to information resources and services which support the
intellectual, economic, cultural, social and recreational needs of the people.
there is a public library. It serves every citizen at every stage of life. It
generally serves a wider range of needs, objectives, and interests than other
types of libraries. Then there is the school library. It supports the
curriculum of the institution to which it belongs, promotes informational
literacy, and improves basic literacy. Next there is an academic library,
whose purpose is to support the faculty, students, and staff of the college or
university to which it belongs, and in doing so, help achieve the mission of
the parent institution within which the library is located. Lastly there is a
special library, which is often a highly-specialized collection of materials
relating to a particular subject.
there is support (clerical) staff, who generally are required to have earned a
certificate in the LTA program. There are also paraprofessionals, which may
accept a certificate but generally a bachelor’s degree is recommended. Lastly
there are actual librarians, who have a MLS or MLIS.
- Mainly, an
LTA’s job involves specific technical skills, such as handling multimedia
equipment and bibliographic searching. They may have clerical duties on
occasion; training deals more with duties similar to supportive staff rather
than professional. Librarians look at the information needs of the primary
customers of a particular library. They look at the information and resources
available to meet those needs as best they can. They plan strategies to make
the best information readily available. They analyze problems, set goals, and
formulate solutions. They practice, plan, organize, and communicate. Both of
these types, however, take on everyday tasks and both generally deal with
- A serial
is “a publication issued in successive parts at regular or irregular intervals
and intended to continue indefinitely. Included are periodicals,
newspapers, proceedings, reports, memoirs, annuals, and numbered
Acronym for International Standard Book Number, which deals with how it is
catalogued and where it goes. (Poor description...)
Verso of the title page: The back side of the title page which gives
the copyright date and by whom it is copyrighted.
AACR2: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. Basically a set of
rules/guidelines which describe how a book should be described relating to
title, description, series, notes, and such in the bibliographic entry.
CIP: Cataloguing in Publication. Bibliographic record prepared by the
Library of Congress for a book that has not yet been published
OPAC: Online Public Access Catalog. Databases which a library has made
available online so users can access articles and the like.
which was developed in the 1970s as a type of electronic bibliographic record,
originally meant Ohio College Library Center, where it was first used. Now it
means Online Computer Library Center. OCLC is one of the largest databases of
library cataloguing and holdings data; before that there was the LC MARC
program, and even before that there were book and card catalogs. OCLC was
basically revolutionary in the new way it used computers to store data
stands for “machine-readable catalog records.” MARC records, developed in
1966, were the world’s first standard format for communicating bibliographic
information between libraries via computer.
someone has omitted a “Question #9” from the sheet. There is none.
to the ALA, intellectual freedom is the right of every individual to both seek
and receive information from all points of view without restriction. It
provides for free access to all expressions of ideas through which any and all
sides of a question, cause or movement may be explored.
is the removal or suppression of materials or ideas that are believed to be
dangerous or objectionable by a certain group of people, individual, or
government agency. Selection of library materials has to take place because no
library can make everything available, and so they have to pick the materials
which they feel will best serve the library’s mission to provide many
different points of view and diversity of subject matter.
Library Bill of Rights, Freedom to Read Statement, and the Freedom to View
Statement. Also the Freedom of Information Act.
- Give them
a Request for Reconsideration Form, which is available at the Adult Reference
and Adult & Children’s Circulation desks. Have them fill out the form in full.
(Also try discussing why they find the material objectionable and tell them
about what the procedure is.) Professional libraries review the item, the
criteria used to pick the item, the place it has in the collection, and
reasons the item was included in the collection. The Library Director sends a
written decision, and until the decision is reached, no removal or restriction